There are various types of fire sprinkler systems, and it is vital to understand the features of each one to equip your building with the right fire protection.
Aside from learning about the different types, consulting with a fire safety systems provider can help determine which fire sprinkler systems are suitable for a particular premise.
For more information on the various types of fire sprinklers in Malaysia, continue reading the article.
What is a Fire Sprinkler System?
A fire sprinkler system is a water-based fire suppression system that controls or extinguishes fire and smoke.
During a fire, the intense heat activates the nearest sprinkler head and trigger the release of water onto the flames. The water serves as a suppression agent, halting the spread of fire and mitigating its damage.
It is mandated for all premises to be fitted with adequate fire protection systems, such as a fire sprinkler system alongside other automated active and passive fire suppression systems.
Read More: Fire Hazard Awareness in Malaysia
Types of Fire Sprinkler Systems
Below are the four main types of fire sprinkler systems:
Wet Pipe Systems
Wet pipe fire sprinkler systems are the most common type of fire sprinkler. The system features automated sprinkler heads linked to a piping system, transporting stored water from the fire pump.
The fire sprinkler heads open when triggered by heat, causing water to immediately be discharged onto the sprinkler system’s area of effect.
Most conventional office buildings are equipped with wet pipe fire sprinkler systems, as they provide an effective first layer of fire protection.
Dry Pipe Systems
A dry pipe system employs pressured air rather than water. When the sprinkler heads open, the air escapes and water flows through the pipes and out the open sprinkler heads.
While this system creates a minor delay in water distribution, it is beneficial for unheated buildings and parking garages. This is because the water in the pipes are at risk of freezing.
A deluge fire sprinkler system is a sprinkler system that uses open sprinkler heads connected to a pipe system. It has access to a water source through a valve.
Unlike other systems, deluge sprinkler heads are always open. However, they do not release water until an external smoke or heat sensor detects a fire.
When that happens, the deluge system valve opens and distributes water through the pipes and sprinkler heads, flooding the entire area with water.
Compared to deluge sprinkler systems, pre-action systems require a two-step activation process.
This means that when there is heat or smoke, the pre-action valve will open to allow water into the pipes. The individual sprinkler heads then activate to release water over the fire.
The two-step process also makes it possible to shut off the system in case of a false alarm, minimising the risk of water damage. Offering an additional layer of protection, pre-action fire sprinkler systems are typically installed in high-hazard areas.
They are advantageous in places where accidental discharge could cause irreparable damage, such as data centres, art storage rooms, and libraries.
Palcon: Keeping You Safe & Compliant
Are you looking to equip your building with reliable and fast-acting fire safety systems? Palcon is a trusted figure in Malaysia’s fire safety industry, with a wide range of professional fire safety services and solutions.
Consult with our team of trusted fire safety specialists to determine which fire sprinkler systems is best for your premise. We’ll ensure fire code compliance with local fire safety laws during installation.